Case Stated

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An appeal in writing, from either a Magistrates' court or (more typically) the Crown Court, heard by the Divisional Court of the Queen's Bench Division of the High Court. The lower court must 'state the case' for the decision reached, describing both the facts of the case and the legal issues considered. This form of appeal may only be used to challenge a decision made on points of law, not on points of fact or an imposed sentence. These latter issues may be appealed to the Court of Appeal (in the case of the Crown Court) or to the Crown Court (in the case of a Magistrates' court). An appeal 'by case stated' is somewhat unusual in that it may be invoked by the prosecution when the defendant is acquitted. (Ordinarily, it is not possible to appeal against an acquittal.)

See Court system of England.