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Questioning of a Witness by the side other than the one which called that witness. In general, counsel may ask any question of a witness during cross-examination that is relevant to the case. Deliberate attempts to damage the credibility of the witness are allowed. However, there are certain restrictions.
- In sexual offences, the defence is not allowed to examine in way that attempts merely to blacken the character of the victim (see: Cross-examination of victims of sexual offences).
- While it is generally permissible to challenge the witness's version of events, the rule of Finality of collateral answers prevents counsel persuing issues not directly relevant to the case.