Mode of trial
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The question whether an alleged criminal should be tried summarily or by means of a jury is a perennial topic of debate. At present, minor offences are triable only summarily, major ones (e.g. murder, rape, etc) are triable only through a jury, and a large collection of 'either way' offences are triable by either means. For the current method of determining the mode of trial, see criminal trial procedure.