Petition Of Right

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In 1628 Parliament was able to compel the reluctant King (Charles I Stuart) to accede to the provisions of this Petition which included, among other things, protection for subjects from arbitrary imprisonment, restrictions on taxation, and prohibition of martial law during peacetime. Charles, however, did not accept that the Petition reduced the scope of his Prerogative powers, and in the end this led, of course, to the Civil War. Afterwards, Parliament was able to enforce stricter control over the monarchy in the Bill of rights and later the Act of settlement (1700).

See: Constitutional legislation