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In general, a person is 'privileged' if, on some occasion, and by reason of his or her position or office, that person is not subject to certain legal constraints or duties that would apply to an unprivileged person. English law recognizes a number of different metas of privilege; common examples include the following.

  1. parliamentary privilege: this protects Mps from Defamation claims, among other things
  2. qualified privilege: protects a person from defamation claims regarding information which he or she has a duty to publish
  3. privilege against self incrimination: protects a person from being prosecuted for failing to disclose self-incriminatory information
  4. journalist privilege: protects journalists from being prosecuted for failing to reveal the sources of their information
  5. lawyer client privilege: prevents the enforced disclosure in court of communications between lawyer and client
  6. public interest immunity: prevents the enforced disclosure of information whose publication would not be in the public interest
    UK LAW