Privy Council

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A body which advises the monarch on points of law. The UK privy council has a Judicial Committee which is composed of the present Lord Chancellor, all past Lord Chancellors, (see: Lord Chancellor), judges of the Court of Appeal (see: Court of Appeal), and certain Commonwealth judges. The Council does not issue judgments, but advises the monarch. The monarch can then make an Order in Council to settle the issue in question (see: Order in council). Few UK issues are resolved by the Council -- the most frequent are appeals from tribunals of professional bodies -- but a number of Commonwealth and British colonial territories have retained it as an appellate court (see: Appellate Court).