Utilitarianism

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A form of socio-political organization based on the principle of utility propounded by Bentham. The principle of utility seeks to establish an objective standard for the social benefits of peoples' actions. In brief, the 'utility' of an action is the amount by which it increases the amount of 'good' that people experience. A 'good' is anything that increases pleasure or reduces pain. The principle of utility says that society should be organized so as to maximise the total utility. The principle is conveniently captured in the aphorism 'the greatest good for the greatest number'.

UK LAW