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In general, a party seeking to establish a case in court must offer Evidence to support all relevant assertions. However, the law allows that certain facts give rise to certain legal conditions without further proof. For example, the Sexual offences act (1956) provides that if a man is seen habitually in the company of prostitutes (other than, I guess, as a customer) then it is acceptable to presume that he is 'living off the earnings of prositution'. The onus would be on the man to show that this presumption did not apply in his case.

A presumption of this form is 'rebuttable', in that the law allows the accused to adduce evidence to rebut it. However, certain presumptions are irrebutable, such as the presumption that a child under 10 years of age cannot commit a crime. Formal admission Judicial notice Probative presumption of fact Proof

UK LAW